[Transcript] – Light As Medicine, Metabolic Typing, COVID Controversies, Polar Bear Fitness, Healing Yourself With Laughter & More With Dr. Leland Stillman.

Affiliate Disclosure


From podcast: https://bengreenfieldfitness.com/podcast/lifestyle-podcasts/leland-stillman/

[00:00:00] Introduction

[00:01:23] Podcast Sponsors

[00:05:16] Leland's Family History

[00:10:23] Why Leland is Not Planning on Getting Vaccinated for COVID

[00:16:34] How to Mitigate the Effects of, and How to Avoid Contracting, COVID

[00:23:09] How to Optimize Light for Your Own Biology

[00:31:16] Podcast Sponsors

[00:33:48] How to Use Melatonin as a “Circadian Reset”

[00:39:40] How to Determine the Proper Lighting for Your Home

[00:43:44] The Polar Bear Program for Optimizing Health

[00:50:49] Breathwork Protocols Leland Uses

[00:57:03] What Kind of Dietary Approach Leland Utilizes for Himself and His Patients

[01:09:30] Light Shapes Life: How The Human Body Creates Light Within Itself

[01:16:35] The Two Elements of Health Leland Views as Non-Negotiable

[01:22:20] Final Comments

[01:24:30] End of Podcast

Ben:  On this episode of the Ben Greenfield Fitness Podcast.

Leland:  I've spent my whole career trying to find what I would describe as the holy grail of health and wellness, what absolutely is the protocol that gets people better. Can't tell me that people who are being baked by microwave radiation are not going to be negatively affected by it in some way. And the whole premise that we have to vaccinate to protect people, well, who are we protecting? Most of the people, the overwhelming majority in fact who've died have made choices that made them susceptible to illness.

Ben:  Health, performance, nutrition, longevity, ancestral living, biohacking, and much more. My name is Ben Greenfield. Welcome to the show.

Well, folks, I found a diamond in the rough for you. I don't know if he's a diamond in the rough. I mean, he's not like he's totally unknown, but he was unknown to me. I came across his materials, was super impressed and had to get him on the show to talk about the very unique flavor of medicine he practices. A physician named Leland Stillman is my guest today. I think you're really going to dig the show. We cover a ton of stuff, cold therapy and photobiomodulation, but from a very unique standpoint of a very smart doctor. So, you're going to dig this one.

You're also going to dig the fact that my new cookbook is out. That's right, it's out. Pre-orders are now live for this cookbook, which you guys have been asking for me for months, for all these crazy and unique recipes I'm constantly showcasing on Instagram or mentioning during podcasts. So, for the past year behind the scenes, I have been creating all the ingredients, the recipes, the instructions, wonderful colored photos, and just this cookbook that takes this unique blend of biohacking, and molecular gastronomy, and a love of good food like every recipe I had tested to make sure it actually tastes amazing.

The feedback I'm getting so far is just off the hook, wild game prep tactics, biohack smoothies, meat rubs, cocktails, desserts, without any restrictive diet, or limited ingredients, or tasteless health foods. I'm super proud of this. I'm super proud of this book. It's called the “Boundless Cookbook,” boundlesscookbook.com. Anybody, anybody could take this book and just churn out amazing recipes, the same type of stuff I cook for my dinner guests, for my family, a ton of my wife's recipes, yes, including her slow-fermented sourdough bread recipe. Even some of my kids' recipes are in there, and you guys are going to love it, you're going to love it. Pre-orders are now live at boundlesscookbook.com. I'm so excited about this because it just turned out amazing. I can't wait for you to get your hands on this. You're going to love it.

I also want to give you a couple of discounts. This podcast is brought to you by, actually, something else that's kind of food-ish that I developed, a satisfying real food, coconut, chocolatey goodness, salty, wonderful, melt-in-your-mouth energy bar. I came up with a flavorful energy bar that you can take on any adventure. It took me a couple of years to develop, but it's called the Kion Clean Energy Bar. It's cocoa nibs, and coconut flakes, and almonds, and hydrolyzed grass-fed gelatin, chia seeds, we've got cocoa butter and chocolate liqueur. Oh my gosh, it just tastes amazing. I like to have it alongside just a nice black cup of coffee. It's a perfect way to start the day. So, anyways, it's called the Kion Clean Energy Bar. And you can get that for 10% off at getkion.com, getK-I-O-N.com. As a matter of fact, you can get 10% of anything from Kion if you go to getK-I-O-N.com/bengreenfield. That's getK-I-O-N, getkion.com/bengreenfield. You don't need a discount code. Anything like that, that works for 10% off of anything site-wide on your first order from getkion.com/bengreenfield.

Another thing, and I actually feature this in my cookbook as one way to put together an amazing meat rub, but it was originally designed as a done-for-you juice that costs pennies on the dollar compared to the overpriced juices you might get from your local cold-pressed juicery. It's made by the smart, smart folks at Organifi, who took all organic ingredients like rhodiola, acai, beets, pomegranate, ginseng, cordyceps, reishi, all the stuff that would specifically be used to build your blood and almost have like a full-body Viagra-like effect with all the antioxidants and all the free radical quelling materials. They packed 11 antioxidant-rich superfoods into this amazing tasting juice. I like to put it in an ice-cold bottle of Nalgene, shake it up, put it in the fridge for a little while, and nurse that during the day. Or like I mentioned, use it as a meat rub. It's so good. Organifi Red is what it's called, Organifi with an “I.” Organifi.com/ben is where you can go to get 20% off of their red juice, or really any of the fine, fine fair from Organifi. So, check it out and let's get over to talking to Dr. Stillman.

Well, as you guys know, I'm always kind of, I guess like paying attention to what's going on in everything from medicine to biohacking, to fitness, to spirituality and beyond, and keeping my eye open for so-called diamonds in the rough, like people who I think are talking about some really interesting things, interesting people who are really champions of this combination of ancestral wisdom and modern science that I hold so dear and that I occasionally run into other people who do as well. Usually, for me, that happens when I get my hands on some crazy book I've never heard of before and realize, “Oh my gosh, I get to interview this author and expose what they do to the world.”

In this case, I was researching a topic. I forget what it was. It had to do with photobiomodulation, and the use of light therapy, and some of the applications of it, and I came across a podcast. The podcast was called “Die Healthier.” Funny name, but they were talking with this physician named Dr. Leland Stillman, a physician who was board certified in internal medicine and specializes in integrative medicine, but majored in environmental health, and had this really interesting approach to the use of phototherapy and photobiomodulation with his patients. And he also talked about things like this polar bear diet, and some of his background in toxicology, and the immune system, some of the advanced laboratory testing that he was doing, and I was just intrigued. And so, I used my stalking skills and looked this cat up on Instagram and sent him a message, and now we are on the podcast today talking, which is amazing.

So, Dr. Leland Stillman is indeed my guest on today's show. And as we chat about all sorts of different things, this podcast threatens to rabbit hole quite a bit. I will link to everything that we discuss if you go to BenGreenfieldFitness.com/leland. That's BenGreenfieldFitness.com/L-E-L-A-N-D. Leland, that's an interesting name. What's the background of that name, by the way?

Leland:  Funny you should ask. So, my great, great grandfather was named Jacob Davis Babcock Stillman, Jr., and he was a physician in California. He was the physician to Governor Leland Stanford, senior governor of California in the 1800s, drove the golden spike in at Promontory Point in Utah, which united the east and west coast by railroad. Anyway, he had a son who unfortunately died in his teenage years of a spontaneous bacterial infection while he was traveling the world. My great, great grandfather, JDBS, as we call him, named his son Leland in honor of Governor Stanford. And so, that's how the name got passed down through the family.

Ben:  Okay. Interesting. Wow, that's quite the genealogy.

Leland:  Yeah.

Ben:  And where do you actually practice right now?

Leland:  Ninety-nine percent virtually. My practice is in Richmond, Virginia. But last September, RFK, Jr. posted a video of me talking about lockdowns and COVID-19, and that went viral, and then that gave me a lot of people coming in looking for help virtually. And since then, I've been very busy taking care of people all over the country. And I also collaborate with a physician, Dr. Roxanna Namavar in New York City. She has a practice called “Pretty Healthy.” And right now, we're collaborating to come up with some pretty exciting stuff.

Ben:  Okay.

Leland:  And then, my clinical mentor, Dr. Anthony Beck, you've interviewed in the past.

Ben:  So, Anthony Beck, that's super interesting. And you said somebody actually announced that you had some kind of like video go viral on COVID?

Leland:  Right. So, I was at a protest in Richmond, Virginia against mandatory vaccination. And so, the background for people who don't know is that in Virginia, the executive order governing COVID restrictions includes a clause that allows the governor to force vaccinate everyone in the state, or give them a Class 1 misdemeanor. And they're floating the idea repeatedly of mandatory vaccination, which really upsets a lot of people for obvious reasons. As your listeners may be aware, there's links to aborted fetal stem cells in the vaccine, there's a lot of people who are concerned about safety, et cetera, et cetera. I said I don't think this is ethical and I don't think we should do this. And what I said there went viral through a website called LifeSiteNews.

Ben:  Alright. And so, that kind of blew you into limelight. Do you get a lot of phone calls from people then if you're operating virtually, who, because I get asked this all the time, are saying, and we might be opening up a can of worms here early on in our podcast, don't get me canceled, dude, by the way, who are saying, “Well, Leland, are you going to get vaccinated?”

Leland:  I am not going to get vaccinated.

Ben:  Okay. And is that because you just don't believe vaccinations, in general, are the right way to trigger immunity, or is it because this particular vaccine is problematic for you?

Leland:  Wow. We could talk about this all the whole episode.

Ben:  Oh gosh, I just opened up a can of worms. Well, you opened up the can of worms by bringing up the RFK issue and getting this video going live. But we might as well talk about it since we can talk about anything on the show. And just to really give you background on that, I personally am not 100% opposed to the idea of vaccination. But as you just alluded to, everything from aborted stem cell lines to a lot of the adjuvants, to the fact that I don't think this is technically even a vaccine, it's more like an MRNA modification, like, dictate me being pretty nervous about this particular vaccination. But I'm just curious what you are doing for yourself personally.

Leland:  Ah, doing for myself as far as why I am not interested in getting vaccinated or doing for myself to maintain optimal health and fitness to resist the virus?

Ben:  Both. We got time.

Leland:  Okay. Cool. So, as far as the science behind the vaccine, the history of medical science is so fraught with people getting burned by ideas they thought were good and were sure were safe, right? I mean, how many times has the FDA-approved drugs that later got taken off the market completely because they were too dangerous? And every time the same thing happens, the experts in the white coats get up on TV and say, “This thing is awesome, it's going to make your lives better, it's totally worth the risks and benefits.” And then, it rolls out, it kills a bunch of people. Finally, the safety data piles up that it's not safe and it gets pulled from the market.

I haven't studied the detail on adverse reactions to this vaccine, and the detail I would like to come out and say, “I'm sure this thing is not worth the risk or benefit.” But there's always been a fundamental ethical principle of medicine where we don't force people to do things because we don't always know what the risks and benefits are. And so, people like to say that vaccines are safe and effective, and I like to say that my car is safe and effective, but I can still die in a car crash. And people will still die of vaccines. There is no medical therapy or intervention on planet Earth in the history of the world that has been completely without risk. And if you don't have a clear explanation of what the risk is, you have no business forcing people to accept it. And the whole premise that we have to vaccinate to protect people, well, who are we protecting? Most of the people, the overwhelming majority in fact who've died have made choices that made them susceptible to illness, that led to organ dysfunction, that predisposed them to not have really the physiologic reserve to survive a viral illness.

Ben:  Or they lived in an environmental situation they could aggravate it as well, which I actually talked with Dr. Zach Bush about areas that are rife with, whatever, glyphosate, herbicide, pesticide, poor air quality. And I guess if you want to get into a book like “The Invisible Rainbow,” even the high, high amounts of EMF, all could produce, or at least aggravate the inflammatory firestorm brought on by COVID, or the susceptibility for it to become more problematic.

Leland:  Exactly. And I put out a video on exactly that theory that non-native EMF could drive inflammatory cascades yielding cytokine storms last spring. It got the most views of any video I've ever gotten. It went very far on social media. It got taken down.

Ben:  Yeah. I was going to say, how can you even still be on YouTube with videos like that?

Leland:  So, what I did, just last week, there's a paper that's in pre-print, hasn't been accepted, hasn't completed the peer review process by a Ph.D., biophysicist named Beverly Rubik and an MD who's a radiologist named Robert Brown, and it's called–I'm paraphrasing here, but COVID-19 and exposure to wireless radiation. And the question they're really asking in this paper is, given the temporal and geographic association between the 5G rollout and the severity of deaths that are attributed to COVID-19, is there a relationship to increasing density of non-native EMF, driving morbidity and mortality? And we went for an hour or more talking about the ins and outs of the science here and really what people need to know about whether or not this is a clear and present danger to their health, and if there's truly a link to COVID-19. Again, not implying causation, I don't think COVID-19 is created by a non-native EMF. But you can't tell me that people who are being baked by microwave radiation at a level you usually only find inside your microwave are not going to be negatively affected by it in some way.

Ben:  Yeah. Well, and even if COVID didn't even exist, we could be having this conversation about the general health of high exposure to those type of things anyways. Like, I know you're in your office right now recording with me, but do you use a lot of like EMF mitigation tactics in your own office, or is that something you encourage your patients to do?

Leland:  The whole house is hardwired, aluminum siding, concrete foundation, very low EMF levels here.

Ben:  Nice. Have you looked into like BioGeometry or anything along those lines as far as some of these more fringe methods of quelling EMF? And I asked this because I just had like a two-hour discussion with Paul Chek that I released about these Egyptian BioGeometry concepts, and have a team coming to my house in June to implement a few of those tactics.

Leland:  I am going to fall down that rabbit hole at a future date.

Ben:  Okay. Got it. What about faraday, are you sleeping in a Faraday cage right now, Faraday canopy?

Leland:  Right now, the levels in my bedroom are not bad enough for me to bother with it, but it's a canopy that's underneath my bed and I'm ready to set it up whenever I feel like it.

Ben:  Okay. Got it. Yeah. We literally just got done tearing the fan down from our ceiling and we have our canopy coming in a couple of weeks. It took me a long time to convince my wife, and she had to like design the whole canopy herself and didn't want to ruin the feng shui in the bedroom, but we're going to be sleeping in an extremely protected environment now. And even though we don't have a ton of cell phone towers and radio waves bombarding our house 24/7, I had a guy named Brian Hoyer from Shielded Healing come through and do an analysis. And there was enough going on during the night of sleep where I'm like, “You know what, those eight hours for every 24-hour cycle that I want my nervous system to repair, get recovery, be disconnected from anything whatsoever kind of makes sense to just sleep in a cage.”

Leland:  Amen to that.

Ben:  So, anyways, back to COVID, we could, as you alluded to, talk about a lot of the controversial aspects of it until we're blue in the face, which I think many, many others are already doing. It almost becomes a bit of an echo chamber, it seems, to a certain extent. But what I like to focus on are solutions. And so, obviously, if you're not going to get vaccinated or that's not something you're encouraging your patients to do, with your background in immunology and the immune system–and correct me if I'm wrong, you actually have a particular interest in that, right?

Leland:  I do.

Ben:  Yeah. What are some of the key things that you're doing when it comes to either people who get COVID or COVID prevention, or even like addressing something like long-haul COVID, which seems to be an issue these days?

Leland:  Right. So, number one, and let's start with just some basics of virology that I think are forgotten, and that I think are really informative for how we look or how to prevent and mitigate the effects of these diseases. So, when they had the 1918 flu going around in 1918, they tried to get people with the virus to infect people who didn't have the virus. And what they were shocked to find is they couldn't infect everybody. And everybody has experienced this, like, one person gets flu in the family, somebody else comes down a couple days later, but a bunch of family members don't get the flu. So, what's that about?

And when you talk to people who get the flu routinely, who are constantly sick, who have some diagnosis like chronic fatigue syndrome, or fibromyalgia, or whatever, they'll tell you that they get sick periodically and have these kind of windows of, well, I feel a little bit better in between these episodes. When it's really bad, they're just chronically sick, they just always feel that poorly. I can't tell you the last time that I got sick. And when you talk to people who really get their diet, lifestyle, environment mindset, which is the whole balanced protocol framework that I use now that I'm training with Dr. Beck, you dial in everything so that people are as close to bulletproof as possible. I'm a little bit jealous of Dave Asprey for [00:18:37] _____ his marketing materials because it's basically what I want to do with my patients.

Ben:  I was going to say, aren't you supposed to say TM now when you say that word?

Leland:  I hope not, right? So, I look at the environment in totality. And that's where my background in environmental health, and I'm glad you brought that up, is so important because what I found when I was going through my undergraduate training was I was looking at the environment as a whole. Well, what are all the different factors that determine whether or not somebody gets sick? And the more I studied this, the more I became convinced that there was no element of the environment. No matter how microscopic, or undetectable, or small, it didn't have some effect on human health. And the rest of the story is really dialing in, well, how big of a deal is that? Right? I have patients who can barely use a cell phone because they're so electrosensitive. I have other patients who have no sensitivity to it. They've all got different biochemistry underlying that. And one of the things I've found, since we're on the topic, in people who are electrosensitive or who have a lot of issues with sensitivity to things like smells in their environment is they have nutritional imbalances underlying that.

Ben:  Or if I could throw in there something I've noticed is high metal accumulation, like high levels of mercury, lead, aluminum, which sounds silly, but it actually seems to turn people into a little bit more of an antenna for this electrohypersensitivity. And the other one that I've noticed is a lot of people who have poor genetic methylation patterns also seem to be somewhat susceptible to this as well. And I've seen a lot of people who will have like either some stealth infection Lyme, or mold, or mycotoxin, some type of metal accumulation, a poor methylation status. And it seems like electrohypersensitivity is the fourth leg of that stool over and over again. I tend to see it on a lot of folks.

Leland:  That is a very astute observation. That is totally lost on most people in the health and wellness space, which is one reason why people listen to you. And I became convinced this after seeing so many patients. And my first job out of training was with this doctor named Rick Sponaugle in Tampa, Florida, who ran Lyme, mold clinic where we did a lot of IV therapy. And this is far more intensive than anything that people are getting from their average neighborhood wellness doctor. And I've never spoken about this publicly, and he's very, let's just say, secret about what he does. And I won't give anyway any of his trade secrets on this show, but the bottom line is this, he hit people with amazing amounts of IV nutrition based on very sophisticated lab testing.

And I saw people go from unable to function get out of bed, and he's documented all this. People who doubt me, go to his testimonials page. You'll see photos and videos of people before and after basically unable to function beforehand and then in the pink of health after. And I was amazed by what he was doing, and I was obsessed with figuring out, well, why does this work? But then when I got down there, I started to see that a lot of patients didn't respond and didn't improve, and it doesn't matter if you're talking about Dr. Sponaugle, or Dietrich Klinghardt, or the St. George clinic in Germany. And as a result of taking care of these patients, I met people who'd been to all these clinics and done all these incredibly extreme things in order to try and reclaim their health.

And what I became convinced of is when they were failing, they weren't addressing all aspects of the environment. And that's when I became fascinated by light because one of these patients turned me under the work of Dr. Jack Kruse, another very controversial figure. And then, I got into his work and got obsessed with light, and then I started to see that it wasn't everything to my patients. And that's when I found Dr. Beck, and he showed me really where the rubber meets the road of light meeting biochemistry. And now, I have a very integrated approach, which is what Balance Protocol is, and I'm very happy with the results. Your observation of heavy metals as basically getting out of control and people who have electrochemical sensitivity definitely have seen that.

Ben:  So, for you, if I could paint with a broad brush, a big part of what you do comes down to optimizing a patient's, not just their internal environment, but something that a lot of doctors don't do, their external environment.

Leland:  Exactly.

Ben:  Okay. Alright. With phototherapy, or photobiomodulation, or light exposure being one component of that?

Leland:  Right.

Ben:  Okay.

Leland:  Exactly. Yeah.

Ben:  Alright. So, when it comes to COVID, obviously, cleaning up air pollution, not consuming a high amount of herbicides, pesticides, glyphosate, chopping organic, choosing food correctly, positive emotions, cleaning up metals or other stealth infections, all those things that might relate to both internal and external environment would all be important, I would imagine, in your approach.

But I'd like to hone in on light for a little bit since you really seem to prioritize that as one of the main things that you mentioned. What does that look like exactly in terms of when a patient comes to you, what type of questions you're asking or what you're doing to optimize specifically the lighting environment or the use of light to optimize one's biology?

Leland:  So, first of all, I try to quantify what their light environment is to the best of my ability. Most people have never bothered to do this. And one of the things I like to tell my patients to do is get on your smartphone, download an app that measures the light in your environment and just see how much light you're exposed to. People are shocked to realize that outside in the sun, even in the dark, even on a cloudy winter day, there's thousands sometimes more light in the external environment outside their home than there is in their home office. And so, we've got these diagnoses of seasonal affective disorder. Well, what is that except sunlight deficiency? And I start to ask them about what kind of glasses are you wearing? Are you wearing contacts? Do you wear sunglasses? Because people don't realize, right, if seasonal affective disorder is a disease in which your mood and energy levels decline because you have low levels of neurotransmitters and hormones because of a lack of a light stimulus, then what are sunglasses but a great way to induce seasonal affective disorder?

Ben:  Yeah. It's a good point. I've always–well, not always, but for the longest time, just kind of [00:24:30] _____ sunglasses based on the idea that the lack of exposure, the retina to adequate amounts of UVA, UVB, and infrared could downregulate some of the melanin production in the skin and render more susceptible to sunburn or less able to harness vitamin D from sunlight. But what you're saying is it goes even beyond that and could even affect emotions and induce seasonal affective disorder, et cetera, if one is constantly in a low light environment or wearing sunglasses regularly.

Leland:  Exactly. And there's a really wonderful paper on this that we should post in the shownotes called “Melatonin and the Optics of the Human Body” that basically blow this whole paradigm up for people so they really understand how melatonin is working in their bodies. Melatonin being of course the hormone of light because what people don't realize about light and biology is that you need bright light during the day. This is the stimulus for your hormones and neurotransmitters to be produced, including melatonin. And melatonin controls all those other hormones and neurotransmitters because of its interactions as the main timekeeper of your circadian rhythms, right?

And so, if you don't get bright light during the day, you're not going to have optimal melatonin levels, you're not going to have high neurotransmitter and hormone levels, and this is associated with premature aging. Then at night, if you've got excess blue and green light in the environment, you delay the melatonin release from your tissues. What it's supposed to do in nature is come out into your bloodstream and run around the body turning on rest regeneration repair programs. And when you're constantly bombarded with artificial light as we are in our artificially lit world and you already have deficient melatonin because you don't have the right frequencies in your life i.e. infrared, red, and to a certain extent, visible light, you're setting yourself up for a total body lifelong deficiency of melatonin, which explained to me finally when I put all those pieces of that puzzle together, and that right there in less than a minute, is like three or four years of reading in the photobiomodulation and circadian biology literature. When I put that together, it finally made sense why I had these patients who could take bottle after bottle of glutathione, and B vitamins, and whatever, and do ozone, and sauna, and blah, blah, blah, and still not get better.

Ben:  Yeah. And it's interesting, too. I think a lot of people don't realize that despite the fact that a lot of these light boxes that you'll put on your desk for seasonal affective disorder, or the one for the ears, the human charger, or there's a pair of glasses I have called the Re-Timers that also work well for this, those are useful for I think some of the seasonal affective disorder, and also some of the circadian rhythm alignment advantages you can get from blasting yourself with light during the day if you're in a low light environment. But many of them do not emit any near-infrared photons. And then, your infrared photons are what stimulates antioxidant production, like that's what causes the production of subcellular melatonin, which is going to act as one of your body's primary antioxidants, supplying you with this antioxidant reservoir that will enhance your ability to be able to quench free radicals and things along those lines. And so, even if you're using these light boxes or surrounding yourself with these type of biohacks, so to speak, in your internal environment, say, like in your home or in your office, if you're not also introducing either sunlight or some form of near-infrared into that scenario, you're actually missing out on a lot of the antioxidant benefits of light.

Leland:  You are exactly correct, and your understanding of light is far more sophisticated than pretty much any clinician that I speak to on a regular basis. When I explain to people how melatonin works in the human body–and you only get this when you start to read the papers on how melatonin is produced, why it's produced, where it's produced, when it's produced, all this stuff, right? I now look at melatonin in the body and its role the same way I look at water in your house. You could live with very little water consumption, but you would be miserable. You would smell bad. Let's not even go there.

But when you use water in your home, you don't turn on the kitchen sink to take a shower in your bathroom. Just like you don't turn on the sink in your bathroom at the same time of day maybe that you use the–right? You use water in discrete, finite quantities in different parts of your home, in different quantities at different times of day, and melatonin is the exact same way. So, when people come to me and say, “Oh, my melatonin level is high,” and I see sky-high melatonin levels all the time in people who are quite ill. And what they're trying to do is basically say, “Alright, I'm going to turn on my garden hose and shoot it through the front door to do the dishes.”

Ben:  Yeah. That makes sense. Now, in terms of melatonin, do you also encourage supplementation of melatonin like in the evening, especially–it's a recommendation I made in the past to aging individuals who produce a little less melatonin as they age anyways, people who are like, “Ah, I'm getting older. My sleep seems to be declining.” Their sleep habits haven't changed. Small doses of melatonin seem effective, but I'm curious your take on that as a physician.

Leland:  So, number one, I want to always copy nature. And Hippocrates said the greatest medicine involves teaching people how not to need it. And over and over in my career, I've seen people go down this road of, let's circumvent what the body is supposed to do and do it a different way. That always ends with people figuring out why nature did it the way nature did it. And so, it's not necessarily the wrong answer, and I do use melatonin therapeutically in certain contexts, but the number one thing I want to do with my patients is get them into a light environment where I know they're getting adequate red and infrared light usually from a photobiomodulation device or a light panel, and/or sunlight if they're at the right latitude and they can withstand strong UV light that may obviously give them sunburn. People should not sunburn, that is true.

And then, I want them to be in a naturally lit environment at night. And when I say naturally lit, I mean warmly lit with minimal blue and green light so that it won't shut down their melatonin rhythms. And then, I want to make sure that they're not being exposed to anything that's going to really suck up that melatonin in an unnatural way. I see abnormal labs in people who are vaping, who are using ozone generators for air purification. That will create drag on their melatonin system in an abnormal demand. And so, you got to really go through everything. I mean, I'm asking patients, “What's your air handler like? What's in there? How does it work? Oh, you've got the ozone generator in your HVAC unit. Well, maybe this is why your lipid peroxides are high and that's linked to heart disease, and neurodegeneration, and metabolic syndrome, and whatever.” I get people to unplug these things and stop using things that make them sick, and they just get better on their own. Once I've optimized the environment, that's when we can start to talk about supplementing, but then you got to get into, “Well, wait a minute. Why is your melatonin low? Do you have enough tryptophan? Have you got enough B6? Is there enough magnesium?” Because you need all these cofactors and raw materials in order to make the melatonin in the first place.

Ben:  Well, hello. I want to interrupt today's show to tell you about what I would consider to be the funniest, most helpful water, kind of like water biohacking website that exists. It's called Water and Wellness. I've interviewed the guy who runs the website, Robert Slovak, who I consider to be one of the world's leading experts on water. And he's got everything from hydrogen water tablets to the best water filters, to ways that you can take purified water and optimally remineralize it, to the Quinton formula, which is basically very much like human plasma when you drink it like coconut water on steroids. They've got everything over there. And what they have is their AquaTru bundle, which gives you their AquaTru countertop reverse osmosis water filter. It gets you $100 off in AquaTru and a 30-day supply of their Quinton minerals, the same ones I use. That's the savings of $144 if you go to waterandwellness.com/greenfield and you use code GREENFIELD. If you just want the Quinton and not the water filter, they'll give you a three-month supply for the cost of only two months, which saves you almost 50 bucks, for that same code, code GREENFIELD at waterandwellness.com/greenfield. So, if you're looking for some cool stuff to upgrade your hydration experience, Water and Wellness is the place to go.

And then, finally, I also want to give you a discount on something I've been using almost every day, and that's bee pollen. Now, this company Beekeeper's Naturals, they harvest a ton of different things from the bees, from their honey to their royal jelly, to their propolis, but the bee pollen, I love it. I put it on smoothies, I put it on salads, I put it on casseroles. I use it almost the same way I use salt, but it's just chockfull of not only all these free-formed amino acids, but a ton of stuff that boosts your immune system and gives you clean energy with not many calories at all. You've probably had bee pollen before like maybe on smoothies at a juice bar, but man, just having a few bottles of this stuff in your fridge is amazing. I put on everything. And I'll even like put a little spoonful in my mouth before I go to bed at night if I've still got the munchies and it craves your appetite as well. So, 15% off of any of the products including that bee pollen I just told you about at beekeepersnaturals.com/ben. That's B-E-E-K-E-E-P-E-R-S, Naturals, N-A-T-U-R-A-L-S.com/ben. Beekeepersnaturals.com/ben will get you 15% off of any of the fine bee products from Beekeeper's Naturals.

Alright, let's go talk to Leland again.

Yeah. And melatonin is interesting. I mean, just because a lot of people don't realize that it can, with regular high dosages, be problematic in some people. Like I've seen some evidence that it might increase light-induced damage to retinal photoreceptors, it can actually be something that can downregulate fertility in women, et cetera. Yet at the same time, it's a pretty potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory. It's something that I'll use in higher dosages when I'm traveling, for example, or like I mentioned, recommend to aging people to use in smaller, like 0.3 to 3 milligram dosages just for regular sleep enhancement. But I've also, and I have zero–well, I shouldn't say zero data, but I've talked quite a bit with a physician in Sarasota named Dr. John Lieurance about this so-called melatonin reset. Meaning, using high-dose melatonin in people who have severe sleep architecture issues and insomnia to almost reboot the system and retrain the body how to sleep. And in that case, it's 100 to 300 migs of melatonin, usually suppository or liposomal base for about a month. And then, you bleed off those dosages, you lower the dosages back down, get a person down to like 0.3 to 3 or even none.

But this idea of a short-term, high-dosage melatonin use actually seems to do a really good job, at least in the people I've recommended it to, with almost like resetting sleep architecture, getting them to the point where they can get a solid 78 hours again, and then they kind of wean themselves off those higher dosages. Have you ever experimented much with like super high-dose melatonin as almost like a circadian reset?

Leland:  I've not ever had to do that with a patient. I've always been able to get their sleep back to optimal with what I do with light environment and other things in the environment to help them sleep. But the whole concept makes so much sense. It goes back to this guiding principle in my practice, which is where–I used to look at things as good and bad, and so many people end up falling into this myopic way of thinking about things like, “Oh, well, Dr. Stillman said exogenous melatonin is bad.” Well, hang on a minute. Dr. Stillman said that you're supposed to get it from light based on the nutrients in your diet and et cetera, et cetera, right?

This is a tool, just like sunglasses. We dumped on sunglasses earlier, but what's funny is that the use of eyewear for humanity has always been a tool to improve our performance, right? Try and survive in the wild if you've got out of control astigmatism and terrible nearsightedness. You're not going to be bringing down the elk at like 100 yards with your longbow, are you? And so, we've got to look at everything we've got in our environment, whether it's a supplement coming off of a shelf, or it's a light that you're flipping a switch on as a tool to achieve optimal? And that is what I love doing in my practice with my patients.

Ben:  It's interesting. It's also interesting how it's yoked to temperature to a certain extent. One of my friends, Dr. Andrew Huberman at Stanford, he actually has this concept of the temperature minimum that occurs about two hours before you tend to wake up. Like let's say you're a 7:00 a.m. riser, your temperature minimum usually–and you could measure this even with like a wearable, like an Oura ring or something, kind of see what your body temp is doing during your night of sleep. But if you can identify where that temperature minimum occurs, you can actually expose yourself to low levels of temperature like cold, for example, and it shifts that temperature minimum forward, if say you're someone who wants to begin staying up later and getting up slightly later because it annoys you that you keep waking up at 4:00 a.m. You can actually get exposed to cold–or I'm sorry, I'm reversing that. You get exposed to light during some point at that temperature minimum and it somehow shifts the circadian clock forward because it's telling your temperature minimum to occur at a later point in the morning. And so, he's got some interesting theories on using temperature minimum combined with light to actually reset the circadian rhythm.

Leland:  That is fascinating. Yeah. And it's all tools in the toolbox and what do you really want therapeutically for the patient. But it all goes back to, don't try to reinvent nature because it can become a tool, but it can also become a liability.

Ben:  Yeah. And what's the light meter, by the way, that you mentioned that you'll recommend to people to analyze light in their personal environment? Is that like an app?

Leland:  Yeah. I'm using–I can't remember what it's called. But if you just put in light meter on the App Store, or the Play Store if you're using Android like me, it'll come up. I'm using an app called Lux on my Android and–

Ben:  Okay. These are the same type of apps that a photographer would use to analyze light prior to photography, right?

Leland:  Yes.

Ben:  Okay.

Leland:  And of course I have the sophisticated light meter that actually gives me the actual readout and spectral analysis, which is a lot more money that usually only photographers have. And like you said before, I mean, it's amazing to measure LED lights and see that they're not producing hardly any red, let alone any infrared, and this whole visible only light, as it's called VOL light. Lighting is I think a disaster. It's why I wrote this blog post called “Indoor Lighting Causes More Skin Cancer than the Sun,” because when you look at this data, it's very concerning that we're radiating ourselves constantly with visible light only without the balance of near-infrared light that stimulates melatonin production that is an anti-cancer agent.

Ben:  Yeah, yeah. And the other interesting thing about this is you could pair it with something like a–I think it's called the D Minder apps. You could also see when sunlight exposure is going to get you adequate amounts of vitamin D, which I also think is a handy little tool. And obviously, we're talking about the use of some of these photobiomodulation devices, like you mentioned, light panels. And I certainly use one called a Joovv. And I also have a sauna, like a full spectrum sauna, but I still believe that getting that balance of UVA and UVB during the day along with the full spectrum from sunlight is important.

And you just alluded to something interesting, this idea of LED or modern fluorescent lighting, which so many people's homes are actually lit with. I'm curious what you use in your home. I personally am a fan of the full spectrum incandescent, and then–actually, I'm using red incandescent in all the bedrooms and the master bathroom. But do you have a particular lightbulb that you tend to recommend people switch to when it comes to getting off of LED and fluorescent lighting in the home?

Leland:  Yes. But what I always counsel my patients is these are tools, and so we got to figure out what your goal is. If somebody comes to me and is, say, a young, healthy 20-something-year-old who really has sleep problems, I'll say, “Look, you got good eyesight. You've got good dexterity. Use a red headlamp when you wake up in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom, navigate your house, make sure you got blackout curtains on. That's the only light you should be using in the hours before bed, and then if you wake up in the middle of the night because it's really going to reduce the amount of circadian disruption you see.”

Because what's amazing when you go into the literature is you'll find all these weird results, like you'll find papers where 98% of people didn't have a chronodisruption due to exposure to red light at night, but two people did. Well, what's wrong with them? I have no idea. I haven't done their genetic analysis. It must be a genetic thing, right? So, we have all these interesting personal factors that come into play. And when I got into this with patients, there became so many other factors that were important, right? Example, my mother is 76 years old, she's not that steady on her feet, she has osteoporosis. I don't want her to break a hip in the middle of the night because her son told her to navigate to the bathroom with a red headlamp. This kind of detail sounds pedantic, but it's important because I do counsel a lot of older patients.

And so, I said, “Mom, I want you to use the Hugo LED lighting. I've tested it. It's very, very low, if any green emission.” And it's also, people got to remember, right now, we're using recessed lighting. So, the lightbulb sockets are not always built for the high wattage and heat production of an incandescent. You can easily start a fire in your house if you use the wrong bulb in the–or the right bulb in the wrong socket. So, I tell her and my patients to use those at night if they're worried about obviously their ability to navigate at night. And then, it also comes back to, what's your goal? Because the reality is if somebody goes outside at night with their friends, and they're out, and they're partying, and they want to have a good time but they're wearing their blue blockers, they're going to slow down, fall asleep, and be boring. And if they want to have a good time, well, they can decide to burn that candle at both ends that night to have a good time. And it all becomes what it's worth to them, right, because you can't go to some high-performing Fortune 500 CEO and say, “Hey, listen, it's time for you to sleep with the rhythms of nature and for you to go to sleep at seven o'clock at night in the winter because that's what is normal for your circadian biology, your latitude in the winter.” They say, “No, thanks. I need you to come up with a solution that allows me to still get quality sleep, but that still allows me to work into the evening as I have to in order to do my job.”

Ben:  Right. Yeah. I've seen those Hugo lamps before on Amazon. Those are like the dimmable LED lamps that don't produce a lot of the blue light?

Leland:  Right. And then, the other lights that I use are incandescents that are 2100 to 2300 Kelvin, very, very warm, very amber.

Ben:  Yeah. That's very, very similar to what we have in most of the cans in our house. My only concern about even the dimmable LED is that the trade-off is anything dimmable, or any of those type of devices. They tend to produce a larger amount of EMF. And so, having them plugged in to like a dirty EMF filter, or at least making sure that they're unplugged or off during sleep, et cetera, is something you should be aware of because any light dimmer is going to kick off a little bit more EMF. At least that's what we found when we went through and tested my house, and there were a few dimmer style switches in the house, and those were the areas, the highest EMF is where those dimmers were located.

Leland:  That's right. And that's why you've got to test your EMF environment because if you're just paying attention to your visible light, you can create some really significant hazards with electrical magnetic and RF radiation in your home and not even realize it.

Ben:  Awesome. Well, I want to talk about a few other things. For some time, when I was stalking you and preparing for this interview, I noticed that you had a program called like a Polar Bear Fitness or a Polar Bear program for optimizing health that seems to have since been discontinued, but I would imagine some of the practices within that would still be something that you're using or recommending. And I'm curious what exactly that whole Polar Bear program was.

Leland:  Yeah. So, when I first found Dr. Kruse's work on light, I became totally fascinated, dove and read a lot of his blogs, listened to a lot of his podcasts. And he said something that really struck me, and I like controversial people of really extreme opinions because it tests your own hypotheses in a really, really powerful way. I think you do, too. But anyway, he said, “Eat like a shark, live like a polar bear.” And what he's alluding to is this really strong literature in longevity science that if you're–like, for example, the longest living mammal on planet Earth is the bowhead whale that lives in the arctic waters. And the longest living vertebrate is the Greenland shark. These are animals that live at a very low temperature, imbibing a very small amount of oxygen periodically, right? This is why I get into like breath-holding and breathwork with patients to optimize oxygen physiology and really oxygen delivery around their body.

Freediving is actually one of my passions. I love freediving–

Ben:  Oh, no kidding.

Leland:  –[00:45:09] _____ therapeutically as well. Yeah. It's a really powerful therapeutic tool, yeah. And so, that's part of it. And then, I got into the cold exposure literature, which shows that there's a longevity benefit and potentially all kinds of other benefits like anti-cancer benefits from cold exposure. And so, I put together a course called Polar Bear Fitness because in my experience at the time, what people were missing from the health and wellness dialogue was really a robust understanding of circadian physiology, which we've really gone over in a fair amount of detail today. And so, I basically use the polar bear as a teaching example because it's the mammal that lives at the highest latitude that's very closely related to us, at least as far as being an omnivorous mammal that lives on land and eats a very indiscriminate diet.

And so, I used it as an example of what happens to human physiology in extreme light environments. When you put a human being in a very long light cycle artificially i.e. you use a lot of artificial light at night, what do people do on a population level? They tend to eat a lot of food that's high in carbohydrates, and they gain a lot of weight, and they don't sleep well, and they get diabetes, and all this other stuff. When you look at polar bears and other animals at high latitudes and live in cold environments, they have many of the same metabolic abnormalities as humans who eat too much carbohydrate. And those metabolic abnormalities are actually adaptations that allow them to survive cold freezing temperatures in the winter because the polar bear has to gain–I think it's like 100% of its body weight every summer in order to then burn that fat off and survive in the arctic winter because if the polar bear doesn't gain that weight, the polar bear freezes to death.

So, I basically just taught all the principles of circadian biology that I was learning, as well as teaching people cold exposure and cold therapy. I discontinued the program when I found out about Balance Protocol and I saw my own labs interpreted through the lens of Balance Protocol, shall we say. And I saw that every pathway–and I've never talked about this publicly, but I'm letting people know exactly what I went through because I always practice what I preach. I had burned out every metabolic pathway that you need to have in order to withstand cold exposure. I had really severe issues burning fat. I didn't have adequate tyrosine levels. I didn't have adequate co-factors to turn that tyrosine into thyroid hormone, dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine.

I stopped doing cold exposure and I started using the Balance Protocol, supplement protocol really, and I repleted all those levels of nutrients and saw really amazing improvements in my overall feelings of–my emotions, my energy levels, my sleep. And it blew me away because I realized, well, light and cold do not explain–it cannot be used to treat everything. You've got to make sure that the patient has the right biochemical substrates in order to use the electromagnetic energies in their environments in a positive way. And since then, I've found so many examples of people who just didn't realize what they were doing that was creating problems, like people having high mercury levels because they're eating too much tuna, people who have really severe magnesium deficiencies because no one's ever checked their magnesium. people who have undiagnosed copper, zinc, B6, B12 deficiencies, just because people aren't doing the right testing or aren't using the right supplements. And that's where now my approach is so comprehensive that really things like cold exposure and more advanced phototherapy like UV light, which I still use a lot, actually, are actually pretty far down the pipe for any of my patients.

Ben:  Now, I'm very curious about this protocol that you just referred to with the tyrosine, et cetera. What did you say that protocol was called?

Leland:  So, when I treat patients nutritionally, I use Balance Protocol. And so, Dr. Beck, my clinical mentor, who I've alluded to, he has a protocol based on his interpretation of nutritional labs to replete people of different nutrients, and it's a full spectrum. There's really no nutrient that we don't address using this protocol.

Ben:  Okay. Got it. And did you say that protocol has an actual title if people wanted to look it up, or if I could link to [00:49:19] _____?

Leland:  Balance Protocol.

Ben:  It's just called the Balance Protocol? And that one's by Anthony Beck?

Leland:  Yup, Dr. Anthony Beck.

Ben:  Okay. Cool. And so, that's basically just like a lab testing combined with replenishment of certain nutrients?

Leland:  Right. But also, very importantly, a comprehensive approach to the environment. And I've spent my whole career trying to find what I would describe as the holy grail of health and wellness. What absolutely is the protocol that gets people better? And there's so many things out there, and frankly, it's exhausting, right? I mean, I'm 32 years old. I got interested in health and wellness when I was 15, and it's been pretty pedal to the metal, I've been obsessed with this for that long. And I was looking all along for a protocol that addressed everything because like I've mentioned before, if you get your nutrition totally right but you're living in the wrong light environment, it's going to create problems. If you're living in the perfect light environment with a good nutrition but you don't have the right EMF environment, you can still get sick if you're breathing wrong, if your HVAC system's got an infestation of mold.

So, if you're not addressing all these different factors, you don't get good results. And it led me, too, from moving away from the time for money model of medicine where you're dealing with people, and in this way, it's like, “Okay, we got an hour here today and we got an hour next month, an hour next month,” to this more concierge retainer model where I just say, “Look, if I'm going to get you a good result, I need to have a lot of time with you over a period of months because we're going to get into every aspect of your environment and we're going to turn over every rock under which some problem could be hiding so that we can really get you better.”

Ben:  Okay. Got it. Now, you also mentioned breathwork, and I'm curious what that actually looks like. Well, specifically for you, are you doing breathwork on a daily basis, or how are you living breathwork into your own life?

Leland:  Breathwork is something I do on a daily basis, yes. And I've studied this with Patrick McKeown, whose work I got turned on to by Dr. Beck, and I got into the work of a Russian physician, Vladimir Buteyko, whose basic premise was that a lot of disease is caused by chronic hyperventilation. And I immediately seized on his hypothesis and went back to all the patients I'd seen over all the years who were sick, and I realized the sickest patients, the youngest ages were breathing quickly and rapidly. And this goes back to stuff I'd read because of my fascination in traditional Chinese medicine and traditional Chinese martial art.

The ancient Taoists and Chinese scholars noted that the animals that lived the shortest took the most shallow and rapid breaths. And the deeper and the longer your breaths and the fewer breaths per minute you take, the longer you live, period, end of story. This is why the bowhead whale is the longest-living mammal. This is why the Greenland shark is the longest living vertebrate. They have a very low rate of oxygen exposure, and they also have optimized their oxygen physiology to maximize its use for production of energy rather than the production of free radicals that create cellular damage and oxidative stress that lead to cellular senescence, aging, cancer, et cetera, et cetera. That's also why whales have an extremely low rate of cancer, which I find fascinating.

And so, when I approach breathwork, it's from the perspective of, “Okay. We've got to fix your breathing mechanics, nasal breathing, diaphragmatic breathing, particularly if you want to activate the vagus nerve, you want to be taking deeper breaths, but over longer periods of time.” And box breathing or combat breathing is one of the techniques that I'll use, measuring the control pause. But the bottom line is, basically, I want to get people's respiratory systems back into optimal breathing mechanics to–because that optimizes oxygen delivery around the body, it optimizes the immune system, it optimizes all these things. And it's amazed me to see illnesses and diseases just melt away when I just got people to fix their breathing mechanisms.

Ben:  Yeah, yeah. And I've been interviewing a lot of these folks like James Nestor, and Patrick, and a guy named Niraj, the so-called Renegade Pharmacist, and have been kind of a student of breathwork. And like you, love freediving, and I've taken my freediving cert course and everything like that. But of course, when it comes down to the practical nitty-gritty like the boots on the streets, well, how do I find the time to do this? How do I put it into my daily life? For me, personally, I do a lot when I'm walking. I do a lot of breathwork pressure when I'm walking just because I'm in nature, I'm getting the sunlight that we talked about, all the near-infrared and the UVA and UVB exposure, and the full spectrum, and the fresh air, and all that jazz.

Well, one thing I've been doing lately to combine both of Patrick Mckeown‘s principles on carbon dioxide retention, not being an overbreather, and even kind of stabilizing the nervous system by exhaling for a longer period of time than one inhales with the idea of doing a better job at mobilizing the psoas and improving mindfulness of diaphragmatic use when breathing. So, one thing I've been doing lately for my walks–and I don't even know if I've shared this on a podcast recently, although I did an Instagram post about it, is there's this thing called the Breath Belt, which is kind of like a tight belt, almost like a corset that you can wear, that you can put a couple of lacrosse balls into so that you're mobilizing the psoas and activating the glutes as you walk. And it's almost impossible not to breathe diaphragmatically when you're wearing that. But then I combine that with this other small, very simple device called a Relaxator, which was developed by another breath expert named Anders Olsson, and it's a small device, almost like a whistle that you put in your mouth that resists your exhale, and also has no inhale function. Meaning, you must breathe through your nose, and then take a longer exhale.

So, I can go for a walk wearing the Breath Belt, and then I'll have the Relaxator in my mouth. And a half-hour walk like that, something as simple as that, assuming you don't have to talk on the phone or anything like that, for me, that's been a really, really cool way for me to be able to practice a lot of both the biomechanical and the physiological aspects of breathwork, but kind of have it–for me, if I've got like a tool or a toy that I can use, it makes it a lot easier for me than just saying, whatever, “I'm going to breathe through my nose, take a longer exhale, and focus on my diaphragm while I'm on this walk.” When I'm putting on a Breath Belt using a Relaxator, it sounds gimmicky, but it does kind of like force me to think a little bit more intensively about the way I'm breathing, and some of this carbon dioxide tolerance and less breathing as championed by the guy like Patrick McKeown, like you mentioned.

Leland:  That is a really interesting way to combine a lot of those things. I assume you're walking around in nature. Do you get a lot of weird looks? Are you in the woods?

Ben:  Yeah. I live out in the sticks, so I'm just walking on old farm roads and barely anybody cares. So, it's been okay for me. And occasionally, when I do go to a big city like, whatever, L.A., and I'm walking through Santa Monica like that, I mean, I don't know. We always think everybody's watching us, like this is the classic, “I'm at the gym, I'm embarrassed about my body,” et cetera. Nobody's really looking at you. They're all focused on their own thing. So, it's not something I worry about too much. Anyways though, that's really fantastic and refreshing to hear from a physician who's optimizing external environment with some of these things like cold and light and breathing, but then also combining it with what it sounds like some of more of the quantified laboratory testing based on some of this work that you've learned from Anthony Beck. I may have to eventually get Anthony Beck on the show to talk about this Balance Protocol and take a deeper dive into that.

But it's possibly related to another question I wanted to ask you about what kind of nutrition or dietary approach that you utilize with yourself or with your patients. What's your approach when it comes to eating?

Leland:  So, number one is we got to figure out if there's anything that somebody absolutely cannot eat. And this gets into the whole elimination diet thing, which a lot of people don't know the history behind, which I find deeply informative about how we should use elimination diets. So, elimination diets arose in the 1920s, '30s, '40s, not actually as a therapeutic tool, but actually as a way of studying diseases like anemia. And so, I'm fascinated by like carnivore–and I want to make something really clear before I go on. I am so happy for people who eliminate something from their diet and get an amazing health improvement. But I've had patients who eliminated meat who got better, and I've had patients who eliminated plants who got better. And so, I'm an agnostic when it comes to saying this food is bad for people.

That's the number one premise for me is there's no food that's going to absolutely kill you right now on the spot. And some of them may be poison over long periods of time, but we got to ask questions like, why? Okay? Number one reason is for there to be an immunological reaction to that food. And that's one of the first things I got to figure out with people. Are they actually having a genuine immune reaction to a food? What testing I do in order to determine that depends upon their exact presentation because food allergy testing is so fraught with false positives and false negatives. And sometimes, people are reacting to foods and they're blaming, say, the gluten. But what about the dough conditioner, or the artificial flavoring, or the artificial preservative?

I mean, the number of things we put into our food these days is absolutely dizzying. And one of the paradoxes of immunology that I don't think conventional immunologists really appreciate adequately is that the immune system seems to be able to have weird reactions to all kinds of things in ways that we can't explain, right? And you'll have people who have sky high levels of immunoglobulin to a food who don't react to it, and some people have no immunoglobulin reaction to a food and obviously react to it. So, I do test for people's food allergies in order to figure out what they actually have to absolutely avoid, and also why.

And then, I want to figure out, okay, what's their nutritional profile looking like? Because they may have too many saturated fatty acids, they may have too many omega-3s, they may have not enough B6, they may not have enough arginine. And then, I'm tailoring their diet and trying to come up with foods that are going to supply them most with the nutrients that they don't have.  One of my favorites, because I see a lot of this, is chia and flax seeds. So, chia and flax seeds are rich in arginine, they're also rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Many people don't have enough omega-3 fatty acids. I also have a lot of patients come to me who have gut issues. When you soak chia and flax seeds, they get this nice mucilage that comes out of them that can be very healing and soothing to the gut. So, what do I tell them to do? Soak the chia and flax seeds, put them in a blender, blend them up. That way, you absorb the omega-3s, you get the arginine, and you get the healing properties of the mucilage coming through your gut lining.

So, that's just one example of how I do this, but it's tailored to everything. Let's say somebody has got a B12 deficiency, but they've also got an excess of zinc. Well, I don't want them to eat oysters because if they eat oysters, they're going to get the B12, which is great, but they're also going to get all this zinc and they're already overloaded. And let's say that they've got a vitamin A deficiency, but they've also got a high copper level. Well, if I give them beef liver to fix their vitamin A deficiency, I'm going to make their copper excess worse with the beef liver. I just got labs back on a patient who has low vitamin A and a super high copper level, and I was like, “What are you eating?” She's like, “A lot of liverwurst.” I'm like, “Stop it. Knock off the liverwurst.”

So, you get all these constellations when you do comprehensive testing that inform you of, I think–and at this point, an undeniable clinical reality, which is nobody's the same, they all need to have their diet tailored to them. And I now run the test that I use the NutrEval Plasma. Every three months, I'm getting ready to do another one. And like I said, I've been amazed by the results of really dialing in my diet based on my lab testing. It's much more satisfying and efficacious than anything I've done here before in my clinical career.

Ben:  I recently finished a book by Nick Gonzalez called “Nutrition and the Autonomic Nervous System.” And I think I saw an article or heard you mention that at some point, and it's based on this idea that–it's too simplistic to say that everybody's like a sympathetic nervous system person or a parasympathetically driven person. But the gist of it was essentially that people who are more sympathetically driven tend to become even more sympathetically driven when they eat very sympathetically stimulating foods such as, particularly, let's say like a carnivorous or Paleo meat-based approach. And therefore, plants, and fruits, and vegetables seem to kind of balance those people out. Whereas, people who are more parasympathetically driven might need more stimulus from something like meat, for example. And I'm curious, having heard you mention that, if that's an approach that you use at all, this kind of like nervous system testing and customization of diet based on someone's parasympathetic versus sympathetic status.

Leland:  So, I heard about Nick and his work. And for people who don't know, Nick Gonzalez was a medical doctor in New York City who used enzymes and dietary modifications in order to treat very advanced late-stage cancer. And a lot of people have accused him of pseudoscience, and quackery, and whatever. I heard about him through with the Weston A. Price Foundation. I actually wrote him a letter, went and shattered at his clinic, shook the hands of his patients who he'd saved. Many of whom just said, “Look, this guy saved my life. I would have had to have my prostate cut out, or my pancreas removed, and wouldn't have had any quality of life if it weren't for this man.”

So, I really believe in what Nick did. I've read his books. I've talked to his patients. And for a long list of reasons, I didn't end up working with him, but I thought about it very strongly. And I absolutely still use this. Nick's approach was predicated on very sophisticated interpretation of hair mineral analysis to get to the bottom of what somebody's metabolism was and what their autonomic nervous system balance was. And without getting into too much of the weeds on what the autonomic nervous system is, he basically wanted to give people the foods that were going to balance their neurotransmitters so that they functioned optimally. One of the reasons I decided not to work for him is that as I got out of my training, I became aware of all this research on light, and EMF, and so on and so forth.

And I looked back on my experience shadowing him and I looked back at his office. It was in a New York building with very little visible light that was dark in terms of the tones in the room. And he didn't know anything about light, didn't teach his patients anything about light therapy, and he ended up dying very young. And some people imply foul play. I don't want to get into conspiracy theories about that. But I looked at the guy in front of me and I thought there's something this guy's missing as far as his health because he was overweight, and he was balding, and he didn't seem like he was very happy. And I became convinced that what he was missing was what I ended up ultimately researching with light, and breathwork, and all this stuff. But he still managed to cure people's cancers using diet and enzymes. And if you can do that, whoa, what can you do when you integrate light, and EMF, and breathwork, and getting the right water, and all these other things that I now work on with my patients?

And so, his approach was using the autonomic nervous system, which is actually something that we do pay a lot of attention to in Balance Protocol, which is one of the reasons why I love it. But it's only one of many factors. That being said, I've had patients come to me who are very strongly parasympathetic dominant, and I told them that they needed to have red meat and legumes in their diet in order to feel normal. And they'd call me back in two weeks and say, “Dr. Stillman, I followed your advice. I was on the verge of tears last week for no apparent reason, and I sat down and I had a cheeseburger, I felt so much better.” And I've had patients on the other side of the spectrum who are sympathetic dominant come to me and say, “You know, I just didn't feel right after eating all these heavy foods. I was trying to go carnivore or whatever and it just wasn't working for me. And I followed your advice, Dr. Stillman, and I had a salad with some light protein and I felt so much better.” There's a reality to this that is so powerful and so underappreciated in the alternative medical community. And I'm just so grateful to be aware of it because it gets me such good results.

Ben:  Yeah, yeah. I mean, anecdotally, I've certainly seen that there's something to it. I ask many of my incoming clients about how they feel from a high fat, high protein meal versus more vegetable-based meal when they're hungriest, and try to do a little bit of kind of like old school question-based metabolic typing. And for myself, for example, I just did a five-day juice fast, and I'm really not a big proponent of like a pure vegan or plant-based diet, but did that fast to experiment with it, just a little bit of immersive journalism, a little bit of sheer curiosity about how the body feels on something like that. And my wife just crushed it, like, great energy levels in the flow, creative, wonderful brain function, slept like a baby. And I was a wreck, and my HRV plummeted, and all I could think about was ribeye for like five days in a row. And I feel just absolutely fantastic on meat.

And the interesting thing is even though a lot of people think of me as like a hard-charging, high-achieving, very sympathetically driven person, if you actually look–you take a deeper dive into, for example, my HRV metrics, my heart rate variability metrics, I have one app that I use called NatureBeat that allows me to put on a Bluetooth enabled heart rate monitor and look at both the low frequency and high frequency of HRV, so I can see the parasympathetic and sympathetic balance. My parasympathetic score, or my high-frequency HRV score is always through the roof. Meaning, I'm a very parasympathetically dominant person. And therefore, the idea that high intake of plants, and fruits, and vegetables, and produce, kind of leaves me a little sluggish with energy, and yet one bite of meat and it's like life blood surging through my body lends a little bit of credence at least anecdotally for me to this idea of looking at your sympathetic, parasympathetic balance, and then choosing a diet if you tend to be really skewed in one direction or the other that might allow for energy stabilization based on those metrics.

Leland:  Absolutely. And I've had such profound experiences with this in my practice that I couldn't go back to practicing without it.

Ben:  And are you using any type of equipment to test the nervous system, or are you using things like questionnaires?

Leland:  It's a combination of–and I actually don't integrate any questionnaires because I have a low ADHD, if you hadn't noticed them. So, I actually listened to your podcast with the author of “Driven,” which blew my mind.

Ben:  Doug Brackmann?

Leland:  Yeah. I was like, “This is me.” And so, I just can't focus on the questionnaire for long enough besides which I don't really care about all the answers to the questionnaire, I care about getting enough answers to be sure of what the patient is, and then I make a recommendation. And then, if my recommendation gets the result that I expect, it confirms my hypothesis and we just go from there. But I do the lab testing that I do, and NutrEval Plasma has markers for dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine, so you can infer from those levels what somebody's autonomic nervous system is doing. It gets a little tricky when people get pretty far out on the axes, but that's something to really take care of in an individual clinical context.

Ben:  Got it, got it. Now, I just had a couple kind of fringe questions I wanted to ask you. And one is going to backpedal a little bit and be related to light. We talked about environmental sources of light, but what about internal sources of light? I've talked with guys like Matt Maruca, who is also an understudy of Jack's and a friend of mine who has a blue light blocking company called Ra. And for me, personally, If I'm getting up and turning the lights, and using the bathroom at night, or getting up early in the morning, I've always got his red lenses on, and that's my hack related to your talk about switching on one of these Hugo lamps at night. I just flip on whatever lights are around and put on his red light glasses, for example.

But totally unrelated to the glasses, one thing that he talked about was the capability of the human body itself to produce light. And that's an interesting fact if it is true that we can measure the amount of light produced by the body, or specifically by the mitochondria. And it's interesting that the body is producing some form of photonic energy. But do you think there's any application there from a health standpoint, or anything interesting that you found when it comes to the actual platonic production of light by the body itself?

Leland:  Oh, without a doubt. It's actually interesting that you're bringing this up right now because I was just looking in the literature for papers on measuring light emission from mitochondria, but it's very hard to measure light emission from the human body at a cellular level because cells deeper than your skin are going to be emitting light that passes through other cells. So, how does that change the wavelengths of the light, right? And our bodies are really built to try and retain a lot of this light. And then, of course, they have very complicated mechanisms to get rid of heat if you're overheating a lot, sweating, breathing through your mouth, all these things you can do in order to get rid of excess heat.

But there's no question that mitochondria emit light. And the paper that I cite is a paper by Nick Lane, that we can include a link to, about how hot mitochondria seemed to run based on our most recent data. He suggests that mitochondria may be optimized for a temperature of 50 degrees Celsius, which is 10 degrees at least higher than body temperature, which when you step back and think about it is unbelievable. We're talking about an organelle within the cell operating at 10 degrees higher than the rest of the cell. That's amazing. And it tells you something about the heat production in the mitochondrion, and this is something about physics that people don't appreciate is that the–like, light is a form of energy. And so, infrared light that we sense from the sun or from a lightbulb, that's heat. We perceive that as heat. They're not totally equivalent, and that gets into some nitty-gritty physics that I won't pretend to know all the details of.

But basically, mitochondria emit an enormous amount of infrared light that's created as they combust substrates in the citric acid cycle and as they transfer protons and electrons along the electron transport chain. And that gets into some very complicated physiology with uncoupling proteins, and deuterium, and electron chain transport, and hacks with CoQ10, and methylene blue, and all the stuff that the biohackers get into, and that they're fascinated by fundamentally what they're doing. Aside from the biochemical realities is they're also changing the light that's coming out of the mitochondria. And it's very well-established in the biophotonics literature that cells emit UVC light in order to drive cell division. We've known that for 100 years. It just isn't taught to doctors and biochemists, and so they have no idea. And my citation for that is Roeland van Wijk's book, “Light Shaping Life.” And that's why you'll see in a lot of my social media my tagline's often “Light Shapes Life, Period. How is it Shaping Yours?” Because it's a question I'll ask my patients because it's such a powerful one.

Ben:  Yeah. Well, it's interesting for two reasons, I think this idea of the body being able to produce light. Like, we know the mitochondrial matrix is really densely packed with proteins, and the conformational states of the proteins are stabilized by the water within the mitochondrial matrix, which if structured is a little less free to move, but needs to move when a protein changes its shape. And so, the ability of the light produced by the mitochondria to be able to properly, kind of like vibrationally excite these water molecules could be enhanced if the water within one cells are structured. Meaning, lower amounts of deuterium present from mitigation of herbicide and pesticide consumption, or lower intake of starchy compounds, or even consumption of this newfangled deuterium-depleted water, or even the higher consumption of minerals or structured water.

I have a hunch, and again, I've seen no studies on this, that the ability of a lot of these proteins to be properly folded in response to what's going on in the mitochondria could be enhanced by ensuring that your hydration is really more of like a deuterium-depleted, mineral-enhanced structured water type of approach when it comes to hydration. And then, the other thing is that if like water, and heat, and light is interacting with the outer membrane of the mitochondria, that would by definition mean that the light produced by the mitochondria would be better able to produce a lot of the heat production across these membranes if the membranes were structured properly, which would come down to a real mitigation of fats that might occur in the cardiolipin component of the mitochondrial membrane, specifically like high intake of omega-6 fatty acids, or vegetable-based fatty acids. And higher intake of perhaps some of the monounsaturates or some of the omega-3 fatty acids in combination with adequate hydration, specifically in terms of like minerals, deuterium-depletion, et cetera, could cause the body to respond to the light produced by the mitochondria, specifically from a metabolic standpoint, in a very favorable way. So, I suspect that there are ways that you can kind of like hack your ability to be able to harness the light produced by the mitochondria in a really helpful way metabolically.

Leland:  I entirely agree. And most of the therapeutics that I wield have something to do with balancing out the mitochondria so that they can generate that light optimally because when you look at how the TCA cycle and electron chain transport work, if you're missing any component, you're going to kick off metabolites in excess or overconsume metabolites to try and feed pathways that are deficient, you're going to end up with imbalances in organic acids, say. And then, from this, you can infer what vitamins or minerals the patient is deficient in.

And one of the most profound experiences has been getting people who have already got a pristine light environment on the right nutritional protocol for them because, like magnesium, for example, necessary for energy generation in the cell, it actually complexes with ATP and a whole lot of water molecules around it in order to do its work. And so, when you don't have magnesium in the cell, energy generation is going to be impaired no matter what your levels of other substrates, amino acids, phosphate, let alone your light environment. So, we've got to get the right components into the mitochondria for it to be the most efficient and effective heat engine to drive life.

Ben:  Yeah. It's fascinating. Now, there's obviously so many things when it comes to the environment. And actually, we did a good job touching on several of them briefly on air quality, but then also water, obviously, and light of course. We talked about EMF a bit. We talked about food a bit. We didn't touch too much on sound, although I believe that both sound pollution, as well as the introduction of more healing wavelengths of sound is a real crucial part of the environment that's also often neglected.

And so, this whole idea of like air, water, light, sound, EMF, food, all of these environmental considerations, I'm so impressed that you're working those into the protocol, the patients you're working with, and I wish more doctors would take that kind of stuff into account. But I'm also curious if there's any other kind of like non-negotiables we haven't yet had a chance to discuss that for you, or for your patients, you consider really necessary for being optimally healthy, like the kind of things that you're just like, “Yeah. If you're not doing this, you're totally not taking advantage of either some low-hanging fruit or something that's really going to move the dial for you from a health or an energy standpoint.”

It's funny that you mentioned that because I have a whiteboard over there where I'll put down things that I need to think more about, and it says, “Choose gratitude every day.” So many people come to me who've got a toxic mindset, and it's been poisoned by different people, their family, their friends. So, often the people in our lives who you're most attached to are actually poisoning our efforts to get well with their negativity. And if I'm encountering somebody and working with somebody and everything I'm doing to fix their physical reality to optimize their health is running up against resistance and they're not getting better, then we have to look at, well, what's going on inside their head? Because thoughts truly can create disease. And this is something that really became apparent to me as I dealt with EMF mitigation in patients who are electrosensitive because they get into this really terrible sort of spiral where they may have real sensitivity, or at least perceived sensitivity, to these things, which of course we can never prove in any meaningful way, right?

But then, they have this constant worry and rumination on it where they're constantly worrying about it. And every cell tower they see, every time they pick up their cell phone, they're getting this stress response, and so they end up with this really negative mindset about life, and about society, and about what's going to happen to them, and they can get kind of hopeless. And one of the things that's amazed me in my clinical career is the best results are obtained always by the patient who has the most hope, the most faith, the most positive mindset. And so, it's non-negotiable for me for the patient to have a positive mindset and an expectation that they're going to get better.

This is something that I think a lot of doctors shy away from because they think it's the placebo effect. And that was certainly how it was treated in my training, which is, oh, we're not going to talk to the patient about their mindset, we're not going to talk about what goes on in their head. And part of that is because I trained in internal medicine. We're concerned about the body, its vital organs, and not so much the brain. We left that to the psychiatrists, but the psychiatrists very often pay lip service to it and don't do anything more than that. And for me, it just became a–now, I consider myself a mercenary to whatever gets the patient better. If it provides me therapeutic leverage, I will consider it, I will study it, and I will use it, and that includes enlisting the patient's brain and getting them better. I will do everything possible with that because the placebo effect is free and you can make it yourself. So, why wouldn't you use it?

Ben:  Yeah. It's kind of funny. I'm writing an article right now on a book that I just read called “Anatomy of an Illness” by Norman Cousins, who had a pretty debilitating case of ankylosing spondylitis and a very painful collagenous disease. And this was actually back in the '70s, and he wound up curing himself with laughter. Actually, it was laughter, and I think he also had some high-dose vitamin C as part of his program as well, like intravenous vitamin C. But vitamin C aside, it's actually a really fantastic read about how laughter and humor is so important for healing. He was like watching candid camera, and a bunch of other comic films, and self-inducing like manic bouts of laughter similar to one might get from modern day like laughing yoga or stand-up comedy. That's kind of an interesting twist on Bruce Lipton's whole “Biology of Belief,” just using laughter, but it's super interesting. I may have finished that article before this podcast is actually released, but that's just been a super interesting book when it comes to just one single emotion and the effect that that can have on the body. In this case, just laughing your ass off at something.

Leland:  My thoughts on this were shaped by papers that I read by a Japanese researcher whose last name is Kamada, his first name escapes me. He wrote papers on the effects of different energies and frequencies on the human immune system as measured by skin prick testing and a variety of other metrics. He also looked at oxytocin levels and melatonin levels, and he looked at them given different emotional stimuli. So, for example, he did one paper where he measured the allergic responses of the skin in patients, one group of which was exposed to Beethoven, and the other one was exposed to Mozart. Mozart reduced the allergic response.

Skeptics are going to say these are too small scale, they haven't adequately controlled for other variables. I get it. These are small-scale studies. They haven't been replicated in large robust ways. But the more you look at these mechanisms, the more you see that there is so much behind them vis-a-vis laughter, release of oxytocin from the posterior pituitary, this results in a cascade of effects through your hormones that results in a cascade of effects in your immune system. Diseases like ankylosing spondylitis are strongly linked to a combination of immune dysregulation. And then, these potentially chronic occult infections, if you can influence the immune system to finally clear the infection, maybe you can make the disease go away.

So, there's all these links that you see in the literature, but academics in particular just want to say, “Oh, these are interesting associations. More studies are needed.” Guys like me say, “Let's take this information, act empirically and get the patient better.” And if that means telling the patient to have their wife tickle them every day for a week and a half and see what happens, what do you have to lose? Worst thing that can happen is you get better.

Ben:  Tickle therapy. I like it. That could catch on. You want to make sure that your malpractice insurance is really dialed in though before you start opening up your office for tickle therapy. I'll just warn you. Well, speaking of opening up your office, you'll probably get some questions about this, and I'll link to your website at BenGreenfieldFitness.com/leland. But if someone's listening in and they wanted to engage in your services or do a telemedicine consult with you, I assume that's the type of thing that you still do?

Leland:  Absolutely, yeah. And the type of people who listen to this podcast are exactly who I want to be working with, highly motivated, intelligent people who are willing to do out-of-the-box things to get exceptional results. And so, if people want to get in touch with me, first of all, they should subscribe to my newsletter. It's just once a month. I'm not going to spam people. And it's usually, in this day and age, it's my uncensored opinion on things, stuff that I can't put out there on social media for fear of being misunderstood and maligned. And then, if they want to apply for a consultation, there's an apply for consultation tab at my website, which is just stillmanmd.com.

Ben:  Stillmanmd.com. Got it. And everything that Leland and I talked about, you guys, everything from Anthony's Balance Protocol to some of these apps for measuring lights, to some of the papers on melatonin, and beyond, I will link to at BenGreenfieldFitness.com/leland. That's L-E-L-A-N-D. And at that same URL, BenGreenfieldFitness.com/leland. You can go and leave your questions, your comments, your feedback, anything you found interesting, any anecdotes that you want to share, or anything else that you would like to engage in conversation about, that's all at BenGreenfieldFitness.com/leland.

Leland, dude, this has been fun. Obviously, we could have talked for a really long time about all sorts of stuff, but just getting a chance to introduce you to my audience and get to know you a little bit better has been amazing. So, thanks for your time, man.

Leland:  Thank you very much. I really appreciate the opportunity and I look forward to–let's go freediving together sometime.

Ben:  Totally. Yeah. We could have a great discussion under the water with hand signals, or just eat some good pokey afterwards. Alright.

Leland:  Sounds good.

Ben:  Alright, folks. Well, I'm Ben Greenfield along with Dr. Leland Stillman signing out from BenGreenfieldFitness.com. Have an amazing week.

Well, thanks for listening to today's show. You can grab all the shownotes, the resources, pretty much everything that I mentioned over at BenGreenfieldFitness.com, along with plenty of other goodies from me, including the highly helpful “Ben Recommends” page, which is a list of pretty much everything that I've ever recommended for hormone, sleep, digestion, fat loss, performance, and plenty more. Please, also, know that all the links, all the promo codes, that I mentioned during this and every episode, helped to make this podcast happen and to generate income that enables me to keep bringing you this content every single week. When you listen in, be sure to use the links in the shownotes, use the promo codes that I generate, because that helps to float this thing and keep it coming to you each and every week.



Dr. Leland Stillman is one interesting doctor and a man after my own heart – meaning he's interested in everything from how polar bears use cold thermogenesis and hibernation to enhance longevity to how your environment drastically shapes your health no matter how hard you exercise or how perfectly you eat.

He became interested in natural and integrative medicine at an early age. After majoring in environmental health at Connecticut College and earning his medical doctorate from the University of Virginia School of Medicine, Dr. Stillman completed his training in internal medicine at Maine Medical Center. Board-certified in internal medicine and specializing in integrative medicine, he has a passion for doing whatever it takes to discover the root cause of his patients' medical problems through advanced laboratory testing and then addressing those imbalances with dietary or lifestyle interventions. Dr. Stillman focuses not only on the patient but on all aspects of the environment they live in. Some of Dr. Stillman's professional interests include phototherapy (photobiomodulation), nutrition, toxicology, and the immune system.

In this podcast, we talk light, EMF, air, water, sound, metabolic typing, COVID vaccines, and a whole lot more!

During this discussion, you'll also discover:

-Dr. Stillman's family history…6:30

-Why Dr. Stillman is not planning on getting vaccinated for COVID…10:30

-How to mitigate the effects of, and how to avoid contracting, COVID…16:35

-How to optimize light for your own biology…23:10

-How to use melatonin as a “circadian reset”…35:15

-How to determine the proper lighting for your home…39:50

  • First determine your goal
  • Red lampduring the night when waking up in the night
  • HugoAi lamps
  • Dimmable lights tend to produce higher amounts of EMF
  • Dirty EMF filter
  • Turn off dimmers during sleep

-The Polar Bear program for optimizing health…43:50

  • Jack Kruse: “Eat like a shark, live like a polar bear”
  • Humans in high artificial light eat lots of food, gain weight, don't sleep well, etc.
  • Polar bears have many of the same metabolic abnormalities as humans with the poor diets
  • Adaptations that allow them to survive the winter
  • Stillman had many of these symptoms
  • Repleted levels of nutrients and health improved dramatically
  • Balance Protocolby Dr. Anthony Beck

-Breathwork protocols Dr. Stillman uses…50:50

-What kind of dietary approach Dr. Stillman utilizes for himself and his patients…57:00

-Light shapes life: How the human body creates light within itself…1:09:00

-The two elements of health Dr. Stillman views as non-negotiable…1:16:55

  • Mindset and psychology
  • Those around us sabotage our efforts to get well because of toxic negativity
  • The best results are those patients with the most hope, faith, most positive mindset
  • Placebo effect is a thing
  • Anatomy of An Illnessby Norman Cousins
  • Biology of Beliefby Bruce Lipton

-And much more!

Resources from this episode:

– Dr. Leland Stillman:

– Podcasts And Articles:

– Books:

– Gear and Supplements:

– Other Resources:

Episode sponsors:

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